သီတဂူေက်ာင္းသားဖိုရမ္သည္ ရပ္ေ၀းေျမျခား သီတဂူေက်ာင္းသားမ်ားအတြက္ ဆံုဆည္းရာဖိုရမ္ျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ ညစ္ညမ္းေသာ ပံုမ်ားႏွင့္ စာမ်ားေရးသားျခင္း
မျပဳလုပ္ၾကပါရန္ ေမတၱာရပ္ခံအပ္ပါသည္။(ေမာ္နီတာ)



 
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 VINAYA PITAKA OR SASANA CONSTITUTION

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Posts : 58
Join date : 2010-09-29
Age : 34
Location : Myanmar

PostSubject: VINAYA PITAKA OR SASANA CONSTITUTION   Fri Sep 12, 2014 5:09 am


Introduction
Vinaya is means because admonish or cancelation, accordance Viggaha called “vinesi vineti vinessati etena ettha va vinayo”. Discipline called Vinaya is discipline for missionary novices and monks (Sasana service).
Vinayo nama Buddha sasanassa ayu vinaye thite sasanam thitam hoti. The Buddha said to Ashin Mahakassapa “if vinaya is situated, Sasana will endure and vinaya is life of Sasana”. So, The Buddha is positioned authority (Anadesana) and vinaya is authority only. Sutta is Dhammadesana. The teaching of the Buddha life guide of one who missionary and Vinayadesana is discipline. When long time, The Buddha passed away in Kusinaron of Malla kings, Ashin Mahakassa ask that ‘what is eligible firstly?’ many monks in first Sagayana. Many monks said that Vinaya should record firstly because The Buddha said that “if vinaya is situated, Sasana will endure and vinaya is life of Sasana”.
Sikkhapadas and Disciplines
Therefore, when record to Vinaya, it is analysis by bhikkhuvibinga who concerning with monks and bhikkhunivibinga who concerning with female monks. There are Parajika and Pacittiya, any group(mahavagga) small group(Culavagga), Pariva. 227 Sikkhapada for monks and 304 Sikkhapada for female monks is included in Parajika section and pacittiya section. Because of The Buddha said;
1. To promise that ‘very well.’
2. To fulfilling for monks
3. To quell them who immoral
4. To stay monks who keep the precepts
5. To keeps briberies in nowaday
6. To annul to possible briberies in future
7. To respect them who not respect yet
8. To respect more and more them who have respected
9. To endure Noble Dhamma with Sasana
10.To award to discipline(Vinaya).
Monks, thus, you ask the Sikkhapada.
Siddhattha Gotama who the Future Buddha was born in 623 B.C, in Lumbini Indian dammar(Ingyinn) Garden of between Kapilavatthu and Devadaha state. Kapilavatthu is Royal City, administered Suddhodana king together with his queen named Sirimahamayar, mother of Siddhattha. She is daughter of Injana King and Yasodaya queen by Devadaha State. Suddhodana is son of Sihanu king and Kincana queen. She who elder sister of Pajapatigotami dies as a monarch after was born to Siddhattha and at seventh. Therefore, Pajapatigotami who becoming a largest queen kept him as own son and her offspring named Nanda and Janapadakalyani kept by princesses. Siddhattha Gotama was married at the age of sixteen to beautiful and devoted young princess named Yasodhaya (Baddakancana) who elder sister of Devadattha, son of Suppabuddha king and Amita queen of Devadaha state. Whole time 13 years,they lived in three golden place named Ramma,Suramma,Suba which built by Suddhodana king. But he left to forest and wear clothes as hermit at the age of 29, because confronted with the reality of life and the suffering of human being soon after his son named Rahula was born. Then, He was filled with loving-kindness towards them and promised himself that he would come back to see them. But first he had to understand why all creatures suffer, and find out how they could be emancipated from suffering.
In the quietly night, prince Siddhattha left with his Chanda which was one of equal age from place of Kapilavatthu state. When they reach to a river named Anoma, he told Channa to take the horse back to the palace. Although first, both Channa and Kanthaka want to go back, return to place because prince Siddhattha insisted to them. After he wear apparel to cloth who donated Brahma, go round for alms food to Rajagaha which city of Magadha state, rule king Bambisara. Veluvana became the first Buddhist monastery, because hearing the Dhamma, King Bimbisara took refuge in the Buddha and became his follower. Then The Buddha teaches to Singala who worshiping to six directions and during the Buddha stay near Rajagaha, he preaches to Upatissa and Kolita who have intelligence because teaching of Assaji. Finally, they become two chief disciples of Buddha named Ashin Sariputra and Ashin Mogalana.
In full moon of the third month of the year, a conference was held at Veluvana by The Buddha. One thousand two hundred and fifty monks who were arahants attended the meeting. And the Buddha told his disciples to practice and teach following the same basic principles. The essence of this teaching was: do not do anything bad, do beneficial and purify your mind.
According to invitation King Suddhodana, after the Buddha arrive to Kapilavatthu from Rajagaha preach dhamma to Sudhodana together with his relatives. Then he took the dhamma to Yasodhara who mother of Rahura, his son. Later commence receiving an inheritance from the Buddha, Rahula become first novice in the Sasana of the Buddha. The Buddha’s younger brother nanda, Ananda and Devadattha also entered in the Sasana. One day when King Sudhodana who was very ill, want to see the Buddha by before end of this life. Third day he passed away because very weak. When King Suddhodana died, until three times Prajapati Gotami ask permission to the Buddha as Bhikkhuni together with her follows but they did not get up. Then become Bhikkhiuni Sasana because apology of Ananda thera. After however the Buddha passed away disappeared by Bhikkhuni Sasana. Before the Buddha passed away, Devadatta who Buddha’s cousin made to undoing of Sasana. Why he is trying to take rivals of Buddha. So he left the Sasana of the Buddha for establish independent Sasana and approach to prince Ajatasatha son of king Bambisara. After he plan that the prince will kill to his father and himself will kill the Buddha, he roll lays the boulder to the Buddha from rocky mountain peak. So the Buddha was ecchymosed because strikes against the big toe of the Buddha by a small thin piece of rock. When his idea is unsuccessful, redo to the Buddha by a large elephant in rut named Nalagiri. He kills to the Buddha by diver procedures. Therefore, finally ground land grasp to Devadattha near the lake of Jetavana monastery because the five acts that bring immediate retribution. Then the Buddha explain to relatives who possible war because problem of apropos water.
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